-A A +A

Tribal Communities

Some older adults from communities of color may be more likely to reach out for assistance within their own community rather than contacting justice professionals, social services, or mainstream domestic violence or sexual assault programs.  In Indian County, programs may be available on reservations or with the local county or both.  For more information about national resources, see the following websites:


In early 2015, NCALL conducted a listening session on abuse in later life in tribal communities with representatives from tribal governments, service providers, and individuals working closely with tribes, tribal domestic violence coalitions, and federal responders. Based on the input gathered at the listening session, NCALL, in collaboration with Victoria Ybanez of Red Wind Consulting and Lauren Litton of ISP Consulting, worked together to write the paper, Reclaiming What is Sacred: Addressing Harm to Indigenous Elders and Developing a Tribal Response to Abuse in Later Life. This paper, a resource for tribes and villages on how to create meaningful responses to abuse in later life, identifies specific guiding philosophies, cultural considerations, and potential action steps tribes and villages might wish to do when addressing abuse in later life in their communities. The back of the paper also includes a number of tools to enhance conversation and planning such as: sample stories; tips for holding a listening session; scenarios for community and system consideration; scenarios for thinking about elder abuse and elder protection; areas of inquiry; a questionnaire for collecting input; and the Abuse in Later Life Power and Control Wheel.

Please use the links below to download the paper in its entirety or the tools alone:

NCALL staff joined Victoria Ybanez of Red Wind Consulting, for a webinar discussing the themes of the paper. To access a recording of this webinar, please use the link below.



In 2012, the South Dakota Coalition Ending Domestic & Sexual Violence created three new tools: the Battering Triangle, Equality Wheel, and Violence/ Non-violence Tree, based upon the work of Sacred Circle & DAIP of Duluth. A number of years prior, the then Sacred Circle, National Resource Center To End Violence Against Native Women, revised the Power and Control Wheel created by the Duluth Domestic Abuse Intervention Project. A number of conversations had taken place about the cultural significance of the wheel/circle in Native cultures as a symbol of equality/connection/ non-violence/ harmony, and also, the root cause of violence as hierarchy which is represented by the triangle. The result of those conversations was the Battering Triangle.  Additionally, two more tactics were added: cultural and ritual abuse.  Though, added specifically to address issues within Indian Country, they are responsive to the realities of battering of all women.

For more information or to order printed copies of this tool, please visit: www.sdcedsv.org